A Journey in Tirana’s History: From Plenum Tyrenae to the Nation’s Capital - Into Albania

A Journey in Tirana’s History: From Plenum Tyrenae to the Nation’s Capital

Tirana has been Albania’s administrative center for almost a century but this city’s history goes even further back in time. While the toponym Tirana was first mentioned in the 15th century as “Plenium Tyrenae” (“Field of Tirana”), the city became an established settlement almost two centuries later, in 1614, with the establishment of a mosque complex by Suleyman Pasha Bargjini. It grew significantly in size during the 18th century when the Et’hem Bey Mosque was built.

Tirana’s long and fascinating history is best told through its surviving historic monuments. Numerous historic objects, mostly located in proximity to the city center, beautifully demonstrate Tirana’s development throughout the centuries. Below, we present a shortlist of the main sites through which you can go back in time and witness the rich history of this capital.

Clock Tower

The most iconic landmark of Skanderbeg Square was constructed in 1822 with a Venetian bell which chimed for many years thereafter. Nowadays, the tower serves as the most strategic spot to view panoramas of the entire square. That is, after you climb the entire 90-stair internal spiral staircase to get all the way to the top!

The Clock Tower

Skanderbeg Square, Tirana, photo by Intoalbania

Et’hem Bey Mosque

A total of eight mosques were originally built in Tirana in the period of 1793-1822, from which only Et’hem Bey survived. Along with the Clock Tower, which stands right next to the mosque, the two constructions make up Tirana’s most recognized skyline. The mosque is worth visiting inside because, as with most Ottoman constructions, its walls are adorned with beautiful intricate murals.

Skanderbeg Square, Et’hem Beu Mosque and The Clock Tower Tirana. Photo by IntoAlbania.

Tanners’ Bridge

Located slightly off the main boulevard, the Tanners’ Bridge (Ura e Tabakëve) stands out among the modern constructions around it. This 18th century Ottoman stone bridge, a rare find in the capital, was originally built to transport agricultural products across the Lana River. Being rerouted in the 1930s, the Lana no longer flows under it. Ignored for some time, the bridge was fully restored in the 1990s. Nowadays, the bridge is used daily by pedestrians and is considered one of the most important cultural heritage monuments of the capital.

Ura e Tabakëve, Tirana, photo by Intoalbania.

Kaplan Pasha Tomb

Kaplan Pasha Tomb is located at the end of Tirana’s Promenade. Once part of a larger complex, today the monument (strikingly!) stands right underneath a massive skyscraper. The tomb, honoring a former Ottoman leader, is a remnant of the class of Tirana’s feudal lords. The eight-columned, octagonal-shaped open monument is dome-less and made from carved stone. The old inscriptions on its walls tell the story of Kaplan Pasha.

Kaplan Pasha Tomb, photo by IntoAlbania.

Tirana Castle

The ruins of Tirana Castle are located south of the Kaplan Pasha tomb. Built by the Bargjini family, Tirana’s founders, the castle dates back to the beginning of the 18th century. The castle belonged to various wealthy families of Tirana, indicating the once-consolidated class of Albanian feudalists. Today you can visit the carefully preserved and restored ruins along the Promenade. Now harmoniously coexisting with the contemporary architecture around it, these ruins mark the spot from which the city has expanded.

The ruins of Tirana’s Castle, photo by IntoAlbania.

Tirana Mosaic

To visit historical traces from the 3rd century, you must leave the city center behind and head toward Sami Frashëri Street. There, you will find the Tirana Mosaic, the oldest and sole archeological monument of the capital. Uncovered in 1972, the mosaic floor once belonged to a typical Byzantine-era Roman villa. The mosaic’s intricate geometric design reveals several figures, including fish and birds. During the 5th and 6th centuries, a Paleo-Christian Basilica was built around the site, adding carved stones, depicting religious patterns and motifs, to the archaeological complex.

Tirana Mosaic entrance, photo by IntoAlbania.


By: IntoAlbania


15 Best Photos From Durrës

Located on the Adriatic coast and only a 30-minute drive away from the capital of Tirana, the beach of Durrës is the longest and most populated one in Albania. Modern architectural structures, like the Sphinx, the vibrant promenade and delicious seafood restaurants are a serious part of this city’s charm. Durrës is also home to [...]

View more

24 Hours in Lezha: Go for its History, Beaches ...

A city rich in history and spectacular landscapes, in addition to being one of the gastronomic centers of the entire country, Lezha packs a full day of valuable and delicious amusement. After you have enjoyed your morning coffee in one of the many cafés in town, head to Lezha Castle, from where you will get [...]

View more

24 Hours in Berat

The City of 1001 Windows is a national cultural and heritage center that reserves beautiful strolls along cobbled alleys in its famous Mangalem, Gorica and Castle neighborhoods and much more. One of the most historic and oldest cities in Albania, Berat will fill your entire day with beautiful landscapes in addition to its rich culture [...]

View more

24 Hours in Saranda

The last coastal city along the famous Southern Riviera is one of the most ideal places to spend your day In reality, the legendary coastal city of Saranda would ideally require more time to be fully experienced. However, if you only have 24 hours to spend here, we can suggest the absolute must-sees of this [...]

View more

24 Hours in Vlora

The vibrant coastal city of Vlora is a requisite stop for every tourist visiting Albania during the summer. Vlora marks the boundary between two seas – the Adriatic and the Ionian – which, in turn, are simultaneously shared between three countries: Albania, Greece, Italy. Boasting an enviably long and beautiful coastline, the ideal exploration of [...]

View more

Picturesque Villages around Pogradec

Pogradec is the quintessential nostalgic city! This particular sensation arises as you cruise down the national road and an image of utter calm and timeless beauty unfolds before you. The smooth, creamy blue surface of Lake Ohrid, punctuated by lively swans and seagulls! This is the lake of a certain delicious fish called koran, found [...]

View more

Top Destinations around Saranda

This southernmost city in Albania is quite the multifaceted place! An ideal destination for your holidays, year-round. A location full of virgin beaches and delicious seafood. Sharing a border with Greece, Saranda is also a gateway to this other significant cultural destination. Last but not least, entry fees in the most wonderful parks and destinations [...]

View more

Rugged Landscape of Dibra

Most refer to Dibra’s northeastern highlands as Albania’s roof. This region’s highly diverse nature is due to the high peaks and low valleys found along Dibra’s rugged landscape. As one of the largest geographical areas of the entire country, Dibra boasts more than 50 spectacular natural monuments. Countless caves hidden among beautiful mountains, small lakes, [...]

View more

Korça’s festivities throughout the year

Korça is one of those wonderful towns that are never off-season! During the winter holidays, the snow covers the town and the guesthouses invite you in with their warm atmosphere. In the warmer seasons, the town overflows with energy and festivities of a different kind. The traditional city’s cobbled streets and promenade host multiple celebrations [...]

View more

Developed by Frakton & Designed by project.graphics