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The three equally magnificent and fascinating sites of Butrint, Gjirokastër and Berat have made the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, precisely because of their unquestionable contribution to the continuation of the world’s culture. The natural beauty that surrounds them only adds to their already significant appeal!
The Butrint Complex is perhaps the most spectacular site that Albania hides in its southernmost part. Spectacular because nowhere else is there such perfect harmony between nature and ancient archeology! Butrint beautifully preserves traces of several ancient civilizations which have been under the influence of Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Venetian and Ottoman cultures. Well-preserved fortifications and structures, encircled by the clear waters of the Lake of Butrint, faithfully carry the history of Europe’s modern civilization into modern times. Butrint, like several of the most well-known, grand ancient sites around Europe, is a worthy carrier of such profound history.
The ancient city rises above a low hilltop, surrounded by the lake’s waters and the Vivari Channel. One of the masterpieces and must-see constructions on site is the Greek Theater, which could once seat 2500 people, built as early as the 3rd-4th centuries B.C. and impeccably preserved. Not to be missed are the beautiful walls of the 6th century basilica and its intricate, large floor mosaic, the fortifications up the hill dating back to various centuries, and the imposing Lion’s Gate (5th century A.D.) which displays the relief of a lion gnawing at a bull’s throat, an image symbolizing the city’s fierce defense. The ancient city of Butrint was first proclaimed a cultural monument shortly after the end of World War II in 1948. It was half a century later, in 1992, that Butrint was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
In 2005, UNESCO expanded its list of World Heritage Sites by adding the southern town of Gjirokastër and its particular architecture made of stone. In addition to its many cultural and historical attributes, the institution considers the architecture of this medieval Albanian town as most representative of the Ottoman period. The town lies in the valley of the Drino River and its beautiful traditional house-museums date back to the 17th century. In the city, you will also find the imposing Gjirokasër Castle, a construction of the first half of the 14th century whose existence gave the town its ancient Greek name of Argyrocastron, meaning the silver castle. Indeed, due to the stone roofs on the hundreds of houses built on the slopes of multiple hills, the town magically retains the appearance of being coated in silver. Other must-see sites of the town include the old ottoman Bazaar, several beautiful Byzantine churches as well as Ottoman mosques. As you enter its realm, you feel that much of the world has passed through this “City of Stone”.
Located in central Albania, Berat is a traditional Albanian town which testifies to the coexistence of a multitude of religions in the country. Situated high atop a hill, the Berat Castle dominates over this town, with its characteristic houses situated in two neighborhoods built on two separate hills, mirroring one another from across the Osum River. Though Berat has been inhabited since ancient times, its cultural heritage is marked by the two characteristic neighborhoods of Mangalem and Gorica, and the third quarter called Kala (Castle), the latter being a still-functioning residential space within the medieval castle walls. These are some of Berat’s cultural assets which, in 2008, gave this small characteristic Albanian town the status of a protected site by UNESCO.
Berat’s several cult objects from different periods are particularly fascinating, as well. This town, more than others in the country, has preserved its Christian tradition through the long Ottoman period. Located inside a beautiful church within the Kala neighborhood, the National Iconographic Museum “Onufri”, named after the most famous Albanian artist of iconography, exhibits masterful art from the Byzantine period. Churches, mosques, and masjids, are scattered in strategic points among the town’s monumental houses. The most noticeable and stylish element in the entire town are the symmetrical windows on the houses which lend the town a rare visual harmony, giving it its famous name of “The City of a Thousand Windows.”
Located on the Adriatic coast and only a 30-minute drive away from the capital of Tirana, the beach of Durrës is the longest and most populated one in Albania. Modern architectural structures, like the Sphinx, the vibrant promenade and delicious seafood restaurants are a serious part of this city’s charm. Durrës is also home to [...]
A city rich in history and spectacular landscapes, in addition to being one of the gastronomic centers of the entire country, Lezha packs a full day of valuable and delicious amusement. After you have enjoyed your morning coffee in one of the many cafés in town, head to Lezha Castle, from where you will get [...]
The City of 1001 Windows is a national cultural and heritage center that reserves beautiful strolls along cobbled alleys in its famous Mangalem, Gorica and Castle neighborhoods and much more. One of the most historic and oldest cities in Albania, Berat will fill your entire day with beautiful landscapes in addition to its rich culture [...]
The last coastal city along the famous Southern Riviera is one of the most ideal places to spend your day In reality, the legendary coastal city of Saranda would ideally require more time to be fully experienced. However, if you only have 24 hours to spend here, we can suggest the absolute must-sees of this [...]
Tirana has been Albania’s administrative center for almost a century but this city’s history goes even further back in time. While the toponym Tirana was first mentioned in the 15th century as “Plenium Tyrenae” (“Field of Tirana”), the city became an established settlement almost two centuries later, in 1614, with the establishment of a mosque [...]
The vibrant coastal city of Vlora is a requisite stop for every tourist visiting Albania during the summer. Vlora marks the boundary between two seas – the Adriatic and the Ionian – which, in turn, are simultaneously shared between three countries: Albania, Greece, Italy. Boasting an enviably long and beautiful coastline, the ideal exploration of [...]
Pogradec is the quintessential nostalgic city! This particular sensation arises as you cruise down the national road and an image of utter calm and timeless beauty unfolds before you. The smooth, creamy blue surface of Lake Ohrid, punctuated by lively swans and seagulls! This is the lake of a certain delicious fish called koran, found [...]
This southernmost city in Albania is quite the multifaceted place! An ideal destination for your holidays, year-round. A location full of virgin beaches and delicious seafood. Sharing a border with Greece, Saranda is also a gateway to this other significant cultural destination. Last but not least, entry fees in the most wonderful parks and destinations [...]
Most refer to Dibra’s northeastern highlands as Albania’s roof. This region’s highly diverse nature is due to the high peaks and low valleys found along Dibra’s rugged landscape. As one of the largest geographical areas of the entire country, Dibra boasts more than 50 spectacular natural monuments. Countless caves hidden among beautiful mountains, small lakes, [...]